NOTUBE (Networks and ontologies for the transformation and unification of broadcasting and the Internet)



The object of this European research project was to bring television watching to a higher level. The project’s vision of bringing Web and TV closer together via shared data models and content across multiple devices has been caught up by the TV industry, at least in individual and closed new technologies and products. Yet the NoTube results are considered now more relevant than ever, as TV platforms are proprietary and cross-device communication is non-standardized.


NoTube services are presented to form the backbone for personalised TV applications where the user still controls their data. Technologies created in the project, include a.o. the N-Screen content recommendation and sharing and the Beancounter social Web user profiling.

Project results have been used to create a set of NoTube showcases, on personalised news from RAI, personalised program guide and advertising from Stoneroos and Thomson, and personalised social TV and second screen sharing from the BBC.


The project team, where industries, research institutes (Institut fuer Rundfunktechnik) and broadcasting companies participated, was interested in the following research topics:

  • Automatic enrichment: annotating video content with Linked Data from the Web.
  • Entity recognition: extracting references to meaningful concepts from text and audio/visual analysis.
  • Linked data: linking data together to enhance the TV experience for viewers.
  • Loudness normalisation: harmonising variations of loudness in media coming from different sources
  • Personalised advertising: delivering enhanced content with programmes, appropriate to both the user’s context and the device.
  • Recommendations: producing personalised content recommendations based on the context (date, place, task and mood).
  • Second screens: using the Web as a useful companion to the TV.
  • Services integration: using semantics and Linked Data principles to integrate distributed Web services and APIs.
  • Social TV: researching novel means of people interacting socially with TV.
  • TV Metadata Interoperability: harmonising different metadata formats used in the professional TV domain.
  • Web-connected TV: connecting the traditionally closed world of TV with the open world of the Web, in both directions.

Under coordination of Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the project lasted from February 2009 til February 2012. Budget: 9.24 mln euro.

Hanneke Smulders