Survey Report on Digitisation in European Cultural Heritage Institutions 2012



1 Executive summary ; 2 Introduction ; 3 Response to the survey ; Digitisation activity ; 5 Digital access ; 6 Digital preservation ; 7 Digitisation expenditure


This is the first report on the state of digitisation in Europe's cultural heritage institutions published by the ENUMERATE Thematic Network. The report is based on nearly 2000 ‘core’ survey responses, from 29 European countries. The survey, carried out in early 2012, asked questions about the state of digitisation activity, access to digital collections, the digital preservation strategy and the expenditure of digitisation. A selection of the highlights of the findings:

  • 20% of the Cultural Heritage-collections that need to be, are currently digitised.
  • Art museums are the most digitized with 42%.
  • Photographs are the most digitised object type.
  • 89% of the audiovisual institutions have born digital collections, while 43% of museums of art and history have them.
  • 23% of the institutions have a written digital preservation strategy.
  • 30% of the institutions are included in a national digital preservation infrastructure.
  • Audiovisual institutions stand out with a digitisation expenditure of E103.000 per FTE, the other institutions are all in the cost range of about E20.000 to E40.000.
  • In national libraries on average 15 staff are involved in the digitisation process, in other types of institutions the 'digital team' is limited to an average of 5.5.

The ENUMERATE Core Survey 2 was implemented in 2014.


Interesting for audiovisual archivists and policy makers in AV-archives to compare these statistical data on digitization, digital preservation and online access to cultural heritage in Europe.

Hanneke Smulders